Gap Analysis in ISO/IEC 27001:2013

Gap Analysis in ISO/IEC 27001:2013

Gap Analysis in ISO/IEC 27001:2013

Achieving an ISO 27001 certification means that your organization has the framework in place to protect the integrity, availability and security of your organization’s IT infrastructure. However, committing to certification means that the organization needs to comply with the requirements of the standard continuously. To keep up, the company may need to do a thorough Gap analysis of its systems. 

Let’s find out what this means and why it is necessary for the ISO 27001 audit process.

What is an ISO 27001 Gap Analysis?

An ISO 27001 gap analysis, also known as pre-assessment or compliance assessment, provides an overview of the organization Information Security Management systems (ISMS). It is done by comparing how the organization’s security system is working against the requirements of the ISO 27001 standard.

When is the gap analysis done?

A gap analysis, also known as pre-assessment, or compliance assessment, is done during the stages 1 audit of the ISO 27001 audit process.  Its primary purpose is to ensure that any gaps that are identified in are adequately addressed so that stage 2 of the audit can start. Gap analysis is mandatory in ISO 27001, but only after the company makes a statement of applicability.

What to expect from ISO 27100 Gap Analysis

Organizations often seek consultations from professional consultancies to handle the task. During the analysis, the auditors will paint a clear picture of the company’s ISMS, including its documentation, processes and procedures. This is done mainly to identify any opportunities for improvement and also highlight any deficits when compared to what ISO 27001 standard requires. Some of the findings of a Gap Analysis may include:

  • The scope of the companies ISMS
  • A detailed plan of action and effort that will be required to implement ISO 27001:2013
  • A timeline to achieve certification readiness
  • The actual state of the organization’s Information security processes
  • Compliance gaps against the standard
  • Details on what internal resources will be required for the company to achieve compliance.

Advantages of an ISO 27001 Gap Analysis

A gap analysis will have the following benefits to an organization:

  • Guides the efforts of the organization on its journey to certification
  • Details the organization’s compliance when measured against ISO 27001 requirements
  • Provides insight into the reach of your ISMS across departments
  • Gives a valuable understanding of what needs to be updated in the ISMS and controls that should be implemented
  • Gives a definitive budget on the ISO 27001 certification project
  • Helps organizations to translate their cybersecurity into business policies and a workable framework
  • Provides the opportunity to improve its cybersecurity by creating the best route to establish controls
  • Gives the organization a target timeline for ISO 27001 implementation
  • Brings the company closer to achieving certification

To close

An organization that seeks ISO 27001 compliance has recognized the importance of using ISMS. The implementation, however, may need the input of multiple stakeholders, so, consult widely.

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